Posts Tagged ‘apartments’
Is an airport located in Bogotá, Colombia. The Republic’s Capital, a city where all the country converges. Bogota hosts various internationally acclaimed events such as the Iberoamerican Theatre Festival (largest one on Earth) and “Rock al Parque”, a concert featuring rock stars from around the globe. The city also offers a great variety of restaurants and museums, such as the Andrés Carne de Res.
The airport handles primarily general aviation traffic, In fact, most of the city’s, and it also hosts the Metropolitan Police’s aviation activities. It’s also the base for private and commercial pilot training schools like Aeroandes and Aeroclub de Colombia
A transport hub or transport interchange is a location where passengers and cargo are exchanged across several mode of transport. Hubs make out the center of spoke-hub distribution paradigms, allowing passengers and cargo to be transported from one place to another without a direct service. Some transportation hubs also allow transport to be exchanged between the same modes of transport, while others allow transport to change mode, permitting the operator to take advantage of several modes’ strong sides.
Many types of hub exist; in public transport this includes train stations, rapid transit stations, bus stops, tram stop, airports and ferry slips, while in private transport the parking lot functions as a hub. In freight transport hubs are classification yards, seaports and truck terminals, or combination of these.
The nature of public transport makes it necessary for people to change transport modes throughout the journey. The first hub a passenger often will come across is a bus stop where one changes from pedestrian to bus. But often public transport is built around a network of different transportation methods, each serving different functions with varying frequencies, distances, speeds and stopping patterns. Typical transportation hubs in public transport include bus stations, railway stations and metro stations.
Interior of South Station, a major MBTA, Amtrak and Greyhound transportation hub in Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Modern electronic Passenger information systems and journey planners require a detailed digital representation of the stops and Transportation hubs including their Topology. Public transport data information standards such as Transmodel and IFOPT have been developed to provide a common terminology, conceptual models and data exchange formats to allow the economic, large scale collection and distribution of stop and interchange data.
Main article: Airline hub
Airports have a twofold hub function. First of all they make it possible to concentrate a lot of passenger traffic from large areas into one place so the airlines have a good market. This makes it important for airports to be connected to the surrounding transport infrastructure, including roads, bus services and some places also railway and rapid transit systems.
Secondly some airports also function as intra-modular hubs for the airlines, or airline hubs. This is a common strategy among network airlines who fly only from limited number of airports and usually will make their customers change planes at one of their hubs if they want to get between two cities the airline doesn’t fly directly between. Airlines have extended the hub-and-spoke model in various ways. One method is to create additional hubs on a regional basis, and to create major routes between the hubs. This reduces the need to travel long distances between nodes that are close together. Another method is to use focus cities to implement point-to-point service for high traffic routes, bypassing the hub entirely.
El Dorado International Airport
El Nuevo Dorado International Airport, previously called El Dorado International Airport, is an international airport located in Bogotá, Colombia. It is the largest Latin American airport in terms of cargo movements 585,598 tons (2007) and the fourth in terms of passenger traffic, only behind Mexico’s Benito Juarez International Airport, and the two main airports in São Paulo,São Paulo-Guarulhos International Airport and Congonhas-São Paulo International Airport, transporting 12,763,979 passengers in 2007; as well as the largest airport in Colombia and the main international and domestic air gateway in the country, serving as an important hub for Avianca (the national flag carrier of Colombia) and AeroRepública. It is managed by Opain (acronym of Operadora Aeroportuaria Internacional), a consortium composed of Colombian construction / engineering firms and the Swiss Flughafen Zürich AG. Opain will also operate the airport for the next 20 years.
El Dorado is, politically and economically, the most important airport in Colombia and serves as the nation’s primary international gateway. It handles all domestic and international flights into Bogotá, D.C. and boasts the world’s third largest landing field 6.9 km² (1,705 acres) of land. El Dorado is located about 15 km (9.3 mi) west of the city center. The airport enjoys a connection with Avenida El Dorado (Calle 26) one of Bogotá’s fastest runways which runs across the city in the east-west axis onto the city center and permanent public transportation (buses and taxis). It is expected that in year 2008, will start the construction of the TransMilenio, which will connect the airport with the massive transportation system of the city.
The airport has two passenger terminals, the main terminal, El Dorado, named after the famed legend of El Dorado, was built in 1959 and handles all international arrivals, as well as all other airlines and all of Avianca’s international flights. Check-in counters, ticket counters, immigration office and customs are located on the lower level while information boards, information office, waiting rooms and emigration are located on the upper level.
The main building has two concourses, the national concourse and the international concourse. The national concourse has 11 gates and additional 5 for regional flights. The international concourse has 9 gates. This main building has a passenger area of 54,000 m² (581,251 square feet) and provides different services such as travel agencies, drug stores, restaurants and cafeterias, book stores and craft shops, ATM machines and Duty Free shops. Telecom offers telephone service for international and national calls, as well as fax and Internet service. At the national and international arrivals, passengers can find tourist information offices and transportation services within the city.
The second terminal is the Puente Aéreo Terminal (Air Bridge Terminal, in English) which opened in 1981, is a privately owned terminal that exclusively serves Avianca’s and its subsidiary SAM’s, domestic and regional flights. Initially, the terminal exclusively served passengers on the Miami, New York-JFK, Cali, Medellín, Pasto, and Montería routes. Newly renovated (Oct, 2006), after an investment of 7.5 million dollars El Puente Aéreo has become the most modern domestic terminal in Latin America. The terminal handles a total of more than 120 daily flights which carry up to 12,000 passengers per day. It adds, as well, a constructed area of 4,416 m² (47,533 square feet) and 14 domestic gates. Some of the benefits of the Puente Aéreo Terminal include record connecting times between domestic flights. The terminal also provides additional services for travelers and visitors, such as access to shopping facilities, national and international calls, taxi services, ATM machines, restaurants and fast food restaurants and book shops.